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Extra resources for The Cambridge Companion to Plotinus 2 Plotinus's metaphysics of the One

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But the less serious tenser, unlike the very serious tenser, enriches her metalanguage by using the primitive ‘SIMPd ’-operator as well. By admitting the ‘SIMPd ’operator, the tenser is able to form genuinely tenseless as well as tensed sentences in her metalanguage, and therefore to give tenseless as well as tensed truth conditions for certain object-language sentences. With this extended repertoire the less serious tenser is able to say that all tensed objectlanguage sentences have tensed truth conditions, whereas some, or perhaps all, tenseless object-language sentences have tenseless truth conditions, and is correct, since none of the spatiotemporal truths to be considered would be glowing truths, if the view were correct.

From the perspective of ordinary time and from the perspective of spacetime. At the level of ordinary time, the question has an obvious and uncontroversial answer: properties are instantiated at a time. Likewise, the facts of change, of having different properties at different times, belong to the most basic and straightforward of ordinary temporal facts. There is nothing puzzling about change at the level of ordinary time. Since ordinary property-instantiation is temporally relativized, a threat of contradiction is nowhere near.

Nothing can have the two incompatible shapes, bent and straight. 40 Intuitively, to change is to have different, incompatible properties at different times. Consider the following sample report of change (for ease of exposition, I shall take a detenserist stance and consider only temporal predications with the surface form ‘a is F at t’): (20) Zoe is bent-shaped at t1 and Zoe is straight-shaped at t2 . Lewis asks how (20) can be true, given the fact that the following statement is contradictory: (21) Zoe is bent-shaped and Zoe is straight-shaped.

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