By Boris; Najman
The Caspian Basin zone has boomed because the overdue Nineteen Nineties as a result of new oil discoveries, new pipelines that experience varied international locations' delivery techniques and global oil costs that experience risen from lower than $10 in 1998 to $70 in 2006. This e-book analyzes the event of the Caspian nations throughout the oil increase. it's based on empirical reports, utilizing both macroeconomic instruments or an research of public budgets, or microeconometric research of loved ones survey info or fieldwork in oil-producing areas. relocating from aggregated to disaggregated research and, in-keeping with its emphasis on rigorous empirical research to the best volume attainable, numerous chapters are written through experts at the Caspian sector. while there's an emphasis at the monetary outcomes of the oil growth, the interdisciplinary facets of the phenomenon also are well-known. total, the research is firmly rooted within the sector, but the empirical reports additionally offer a foundation for drawing broader classes in regards to the results of an oil growth.
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Extra info for The Economics and Politics of Oil in the Caspian Basin: The Redistribution of Oil Revenues in Azerbaijan and Central Asia (Central Asia Research Forum)
22 23 GAËL RABALLAND AND RÉG I S G E N T É Kazakhstan is striving to develop a model that combines leaders’ self-interest and general interest through increased economic effectiveness. 24 This strategy is the result of a political will to modernize the national economy and strengthen Kazakhstan integration into the world economy. 25 The link between these state-owned companies and Ministries in charge of these sectors should be gradually reduced. In the oil sector, KMG subsidiaries are assigned the task of securing the maximum profit for the Republic of Kazakhstan to take part in the development of all sector-related activities, and are even encouraged to take participations abroad.
Only two countries, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan, will become major oil exporters from the Caspian Basin. Kazakhstan is going to become the most important oil producer from the Basin, Azerbaijan is going to combine oil and gas exports, whereas Turkmenistan should remain mainly a gas exporter. 1 With an expected revenue of billions of dollars in the next decade, local populations hope to see a dramatic improvement in their living conditions. In 2010, it is likely that Kazakhstan will join the club of the 10 largest oil exporters in the world.
Exploration for oil under Turkmenistan’s part of the Caspian Sea has been hampered by the unwillingness of foreign firms to operate under the idiosyncratic regime imposed by the personalized autocracy of President Niyazov (Turkmenbashi the Great) and by jurisdictional disputes with Azerbaijan; this may change in the wake of Turkmenbashi’s death in December 2006. Uzbekistan also has gas and oil but has yet to discover reserves which would make it an important net exporter. 2 The Russian state-owned pipeline company engaged in monopsonistic practices such as artificially high assessments of technical losses, arbitrary long route allocations and other discriminatory pricing, including absence of a quality bank which would recognize the higher quality of Tengiz oil.