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By Benedictus de Spinoza

Due to the fact that their guides in 1982, Samuel Shirley's translations of Spinoza's Ethics and chosen Letters were recommended for his or her accuracy and clarity. Now with the addition of his new translation of Treatise at the Emendation of the mind this enlarged version can be much more important to scholars of Spinoza's notion.

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Additional resources for The Ethics ; Treatise on the Emendation of the Intellect ; Selected Letters

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A. Page iii To Grace Page v Prefatory The Aristotelian Society of Marquette University each year invites a scholar to deliver a lecture in honor of St. Thomas Aquinas. Customarily delivered on a Sunday close to March 7, the feast day of the society's patron saint, the lectures are called the Aquinas lectures. In 1959 the Aquinas lecture "Metaphysics and Ideology" was delivered on March 8 in the Peter A. Brooks Memorial Union of Marquette University by Dr. Wm. Oliver Martin, professor of philosophy, University of Rhode Island.

At least, the burden of proof would seem to fall on one who would deny this. For, again, if metaphysics is a science, to where else do we turn? Does this mean that only realists, as defined, are metaphysicians? What of all the philosophers down through history who were not in the "true" tradition? have they made no contributions? We can now only briefly indicate the nature of the answers. Some modern philosophers. The history of philosophy is much broader than the history of moderate realism, for history must include all of the false and relatively inadequate alternatives in the development of metaphysics.

For this reason the concept "man2" is "truer" today. The implications of such an "argument" should be noted. The conflict between truth and error within philosophyas a consequence of substantial changes in conceptsnow becomes a conflict of ideologies within institutions and societies. However such conflicts are "solved," rational argument, knowledge, and truth on any other than the instrumental level become quite irrelevant. Since there is no philosophy, there can be no history of philosophy, only the history of ideas.

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