Download The Practical Essence of Man: The 'Activity Approach' in by Vesa Oittinen, Andrey Maidansky PDF

By Vesa Oittinen, Andrey Maidansky

For the 1st time, this booklet offers to Western readers a present within the overdue Soviet philosophy of the Nineteen Sixties and Seventies referred to as the ‘activity approach’. It needed to a point a counterpart in so-called cultural-historical psychology, yet when the paintings of Vygotsky and Leontyev was once bought within the West a long time in the past, its sibling in philosophy has remained almost omitted. all started via Evald Ilyenkov and different younger Moscow philosophers within the early Sixties, the task technique quickly turned an highbrow mode, resulting in a number of varied interpretations of human job and demanding Marxist-Leninist orthodoxy. The booklet depicts intimately the increase and fall of this awesome phenomenon in Soviet Marxism.

Contributors are: David Bakhurst, Aleksandr Khamidov, Vladislav Lektorsky, Alex Levant, Pentti Määttänen, Andrey Maidansky, Sergei Mareyev, Elena Mareyeva, Vesa Oittinen, Edward Swiderski, and Inna Titarenko.

Biographical note
Vesa Oittinen, Ph.D. (1994), collage of Helsinki, is examine leader on the Aleksanteri Institute. He released monographs and
articles on Nordic and Russian philosophy, Spinoza, and Hegel.Last book with Brill is the co-edited quantity with Alex Levant, Dialectics of the right (2014).

Andrey Maidansky, Ph.D. (1993), Professor, Belgorod kingdom collage, Russia, released monographs and articles on
Spinoza, Marx, and Soviet philosophy, and the anthology Spinoza: seasoned et contra (St Petersburg: RHGA, 2012).

All drawn to the highbrow background of Russia within the twentieth century, and somebody with curiosity on Marxist philosophy, extra people with curiosity on Soviet psychology (Vygotsky and Leontyev).

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Additional info for The Practical Essence of Man: The 'Activity Approach' in Late Soviet Philosophy

Sample text

Mezhuev proposed a distinction between the categories of material and natural. The former characterises a substantial, objective aspect of human activity, while the latter characterises things by themselves; that is, what the old, contemplative materialism called ‘matter’. This is clearly an activistic approach to the understanding of the material and it deserves close attention. However, Mezhuev erroneously considered this approach to be strictly Marxist. The authors of The German Ideology derided 5 Polit.

In other words, it can be read as a tautology in the exact Wittgensteinian sense: we do not know that which lies outside the sphere of knowledge. htm. As Kant already pointed out, a general material criterion of truth cannot be given, since every case, in which the concept of truth should be applied, is different. We can have only a general formal criterion of truth, which according to Kant was that of the correspondence between the idea and the object; but this formal criterion is at the same time antinomic, as Nelson had shown.

Batishchev 1997, p. 67. reality as activity: the concept of praxis in soviet philosophy 47 but himself as well, his own personality, and even human nature itself, if other people ‘deobjectify’ the fruits of his labour. Batishchev also borrowed this proposition directly from Marx. In the third thesis on Feuerbach, ‘selfmodification’ (Selbstveränderung) is considered as one of the two poles of the definition of practice (revolutionäre Praxis). The same thought is repeated in the definitions of labour in Capital and Grundrisse in the course of analysis of the labour-process.

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